Mapping: iKnow - interconnecting Knowledge on S&T Issues

iKnow is one of six Blue Sky foresight research projects funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technology Development (FP7) under the Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH) theme. The project is aimed at interconnecting Knowledge on issues and developments potentially shaking or shaping the future of science, technology and innovation (STI) in Europe and the world. There is a general consensus that the kinds of issues addressed by iKnow have often remained out of the "policy radar" and so far have received little attention in forward-looking activities: the identification and analysis of Wild Cards and Weak Signals (WI-WE) and their effects on European and national science, technology and innovation (STI) policy. Wild Cards are the kind of issues that can potentially shake our future; Weak Signals relate to issues that are currently shaping it.

Wild Cards are high impact and low perceived probability events (e.g. unexpected systems failures or sudden transformations resulting from breakthrough or incremental innovations). Wild Cards are often presented as negative events, such as the 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States or the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. However, they can also be positive such as the discovery of penicillin by Fleming. Weak Signals are ambiguous events, often referred to as "seeds of change", providing advance intelligence or "hints" about potentially important futures, including Wild Cards, challenges and opportunities. Weak Signals lie in the eye of the beholder and are generally influenced by the mental frameworks and subjective interpretations of individuals with limited information about emerging trends, developments or issues in a particular time and context. Their "weakness" is directly proportional to levels of uncertainty about their interpretations, importance and implications in the short-medium-to-long-term. Thus, Weak Signals are unclear observables warning us about the possibility of future "game changing" events.

Overall, iKnow has two interconnected objectives: (1) To develop and pilot conceptual and methodological frameworks to identify and analyse Wild Cards and Weak Signals (WI-WE); and (2) To assess the implications and impact of selected WI-WE on, science, technology and innovation (STI) and key dimensions of the European Research Area (ERA). To do so, iKnow has used Foresight and Horizon Scanning (FHS) approaches to support the research and technology development (RTD) agenda associated with each objective.

Website

http://www.iknowfutures.eu


SMART Futures Jigsaw

Click each individual puzzle piece to start mapping

aims & objectives
rationales & background
context & domain coverage
methodology & work plan
territorial scope
funding & duration
time horizon(s)
target groups
methodology & domain experts
research & support teams
sponsors & champions
participation scale
cooperation & networking
PR & marketing
key & emerging technologies
visions, scenarios & forecasts
SWOT & grand challenges
TEEPSE drivers, trends & megatrends
wild cards & week signals
pathways & roadmaps
models & frameworks
investments & training
appropriation & dissemination
policies & actions
(FHS) research
alliances
initiatives
priorities & strategies
capacities & skills
paradigms & current visions
knowledge- based products & services
socio- economic & S&T systems
behaviour, attitudes & lifestyles
practices
players
outcomes
aims & objectives rationales & background context & domain coverage methodology & work plan territorial scope funding & duration time horizon(s) target groups methodology & domain experts research & support teams sponsors & champions participation scale cooperation & networking pr & marketing key & emerging technologies visions, scenarios & forecasts swot & grand challenges teepse drivers, trends & megatrends wild cards & week signals pathways & roadmaps models & frameworks investments & training appropriation & dissemination policies & actions (fhs) research alliances initiatives priorities & strategies capacities & skills paradigms & current visions knowledge-based products & services socioeconomic & s&t systems behaviour, attitudes & lifestyles practices players outcomes